We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?
In the United States, a Representative to the U.S. House of Representatives is elected for a term of two years. This is outlined in Article I, Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution.
The short term length for Representatives is designed to keep them closely tied to their constituents and responsive to their needs and opinions. Because they stand for re-election frequently, they are often seen as having a finger on the pulse of the issues that matter most to the people in their districts.
The process of electing a U.S. Representative involves a primary election, where candidates compete to represent their political party, and then a general election, where the winning candidates from each party (as well as any independent candidates) compete for the seat.
Unlike the President, there are no term limits for Representatives. They can be re-elected indefinitely, as long as they continue to win the support of voters in their district.
Every state is divided into districts, with one Representative per district. The number of districts per state is determined by population, as measured in the U.S. Census conducted every 10 years. Each district is meant to represent approximately the same number of people. As of my last update in September 2021, there are 435 voting members in the House of Representatives.
All 435 seats in the House of Representatives are up for election every two years, which means that the entire body of the House can potentially turn over with each election cycle.